In the 1980s,China's higher education
achieved considerable progress. By the end of 1992,China had
1,075 full time institutions of higher learning with 881,000
graduated and 1,320,000,000 undergraduates. So far, there are
1,700 research institutions of natural sciences run by
universities ,220 research institutes and 540 research centers
of social sciences,400 key disciplines and 99 national
laboratories. It goes without saying that institutions of
higher learning have been playing as important role in China's
China's universities fall under either the
jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education ,over ministries of
the Central government, provinces, autonomous regions,
municipalities or certain major cities. Universities and
independent institutes are all institutions of higher learning
on the same footing.
In China, a strict
entrance examination system has been introduced with a view to
ensuring the quality of new entrants to universities. The
unified national entrance examination is open to graduates of
senior middle schools. Only the best and brightest in terms of
all round development of morality, intelligence and physique
can have access to higher education.
academic year of full time universities is separated into two
semesters (A few have three).The first semesters begins in
September and the second in February. Each semester has about
20 weeks and each week has six school days. In addition to
mandatory winter and summer vacarions, every 1 January
students have a day-off, and 1May (International Labor Day)
and 1 October (National Day) students have 7-day holidays.
Universities operate normally on other anniversaries and
Chinese students generally live in school
dormitories and eat in the school cafeteria. A campus has many
playgrounds with fully equipped facilities which are provided
for the convenience of students for spare time sports
activities. Apart from usual physical exercise, students have
access to different sports events and competitions organized
by universities, such as long distance running in winter,
swimming in summer and ball games and chess games. Students
strong in sports can join their university teams of
basketball, volleyball, football, etc. Fans of Wushu (the
martial art) and Qigong will have teachers available for them.
The annual sports games of each university provide students
and teachers with the chance to best demonstrate their talent
in sports events.
The student union and organizations bring together many
students of common interest who set up their own chorus,
dancing troupe, orchestra, photography association,
calligraphy association, painting association, etc. They have
regular activities. Students in the associations develop their
abilities and give full play to their talents. Universities
admitting foreign students have established separate
dormitories and canteens for them. When conditions permit,
foreign students can also share dormitories with Chinese
students. They are also free to eat either in the reserved or
Chinese Students' canteens.
have paid ample attention to extra-curricular activities for
foreign students. They are organized to watch artistic
performances and go out for sightseeing for rest and
recreation after intense studies. Foreign students are welcome
to attend the school's sports games, long distance running
competitions, swimming and ball games, as well as other
related activities of students' organizations.
Friendly exchanges between Chinese and foreign students are
encouraged and in particular, contact between Chinese and
foreign youth. Universities often conduct seminars and parties
for Chinese and foreign students and other social activities.
Chinese students, with a strong interest in knowledge, are
hardworking and cherish their friendship with foreign
students; therefore they are eager to make friends with them
and share their good times and bad. The students through
contact with each other will establish a profound friendship.
School Spirit in China's Institutions of Higher Education
China's universities attach great importance to good school
spirit. In many universities, a good school spirit is embodied
by diligence, hardwork, strictness, realism, pioneering,
innovation and originality. Based on the characteristics of
their specialties, different universities accentuate specific
aspects of school spirit. For instance, medical universities
install in their school spirit the concept of humanitarianism;
normal universities recommend the students to develop the
spirit of sacrifice and be paragons of virtue and learning;
and universities of political science and law encourage the
students to cultivate noble characters and to be upright and
just, honest and faithful to the duties.
Students are required by universities to
complete registration procedures in time. Freshmen, before
acquiring the status as students, are subject to
China's universities check
both students' attendance and achievement. Absence from class
without any sound reason is prohibited. Participation in
examination specified by the teaching programme is obligatory.
When students have completed all courses offered in the
programme and passed the examination, they are entitled to go
up one grade. In universities where the credit system has been
introduced, a credit is obtained when any student passes the
examination will result in repetition, back to a lower grade
or discontinuation of schooling according to school
Students of good character and scholarship are rewarded,
commended and granted scholarship by China's universities.
Any foreign student in China's university is considered as an
ordinary student and hence should abide by all the rules and
regulations of the university.
ENTRY TO CHINA
Admission Notice &
1. Admission Notice
The institutions will send the Admission Notice to the IEC
after enrolling the candidates. The IEC will send the
Admission Notice and Visa Application for Foreigners Wishing
to Study in China (JW201) to the embassy in China or the
Chinese embassy in the dispatching country, relevant
dispatching organization or the applicants. It is kindly
requested that authority concerned sent these two documents to
the candidates in time.
2. Visa Application
According to the
regulations of the Ministry of Public Security, foreign
students with Admission Notice and the Visa Application Form
for Studying in China (JW201 form) both delivered by the
Chinese universities and Physical Examination Record for
Foreigner, can submit applications to Chinese embassies and
consulates for visa within due terms.
4. Special Notice
1. The student should purchase medical insurance and personal
security insurance before coming to China or after coming to
china (Depends upon the facilities provided by the
2. If you would like your family members to accompany you in
China, you would have to get the approval of the university in
advance and accommodation for family members is not available,
for the usual practice in management in university.